Classical approaches to make high-quality measurements of biopotential signals require the use of shielded or multi-wire cables connecting the electrodes to a central unit in a star arrangement. Consequently, increasing the number of leads increases cabling and connector complexity which is not only limiting patient comfort but also anticipated as the main limiting factor for future miniaturization and cost reduction of tomorrow''s wearables. We have recently introduced a novel sensing architecture that significantly reduces cabling complexity by eliminating shielded or multi-wire cables as well as by allowing simple connectors thanks to a bus arrangement. In this architecture, electrodes are replaced by so-called cooperative sensors. However, in this design, one of the cooperative sensors needs to be equipped with two contacts with the skin for proper common mode rejection, thus making its miniaturization problematic. This paper presents a novel common mode rejection principle which overcomes this limitation. When compared to others, the suggested approach is advantageous as it keeps the cabling complexity to its minimum. First measurements demonstrated in a real-life scenario the feasibility of this common mode rejection principle for a wearable 12-lead electrocardiogram monitoring system.
in 2017 39th Annual International Conference of the Ieee Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society (Issue), ed New York: Ieee, 2017, pp. 4427-4430.