Nuclear spin decoherence time in MEMS atomic vapor cells for applications in quantum technologies
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We report on the fabrication and characterization of MEMS atomic vapor cells suitable for applications in miniaturized quantum sensors such as atomic gyroscopes. Our MEMS cells are filled with natural abundance Rb alkali atoms and enriched noble Xe atoms and are operated in the regime of spin exchange optical pumping. The transverse relaxation time T-2* of the nuclear spin in Xe-129 atoms directly defines the angular random walk parameter of an atomic gyroscope. Using a field switch technique, we measure the dephasing time T-2* of the Xe-129 isotope as a function of temperature. Our results showing a decrease of T-2* from about 1 to 0.4 seconds with an increasing temperature in the range from 80 to 150 degrees C are in good agreement with a simple theoretical model taking into account the most important decoherence mechanisms. We show that the observed decoherence behavior can be mostly explained trough collisions of the Xe atoms with the walls. Further characterization steps in order to gain more insight in the decoherence physics involved in our MEMS cells are discussed.
in Fourth International Conference on Quantum Technologies. vol. 1936 (Issue), A. I. Lvovsky, M. L. Gorodetsky, and A. N. Rubtsov, Eds., ed Melville: Amer Inst Physics, 2018.