Segmenting electroencephalography wires reduces radiofrequency shielding artifacts in simultaneous electroencephalography and functional magnetic resonance imaging at 7 T
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Lê, Thanh Phong
Purpose: Simultaneous scalp electroencephalography and functional magnetic resonance imaging (EEG-fMRI) enable noninvasive assessment of brain function with high spatial and temporal resolution. However, at ultra-high field, the data quality of both modalities is degraded by mutual interactions. Here, we thoroughly investigated the radiofrequency (RF) shielding artifact of a state-of-the-art EEG-fMRI setup, at 7 T, and design a practical solution to limit this issue. Methods: Electromagnetic field simulations and MR measurements assessed the shielding effect of the EEG setup, more specifically the EEG wiring. The effectiveness of segmenting the wiring with resistors to reduce the transmit field disruption was evaluated on a wire-only EEG model and a simulation model of the EEG cap. Results: The EEG wiring was found to exert a dominant effect on the disruption of the transmit field, whose intensity varied periodically as a function of the wire length. Breaking the electrical continuity of the EEG wires into segments shorter than one quarter RF wavelength in air (25 cm at 7 T) reduced significantly the RF shielding artifacts. Simulations of the EEG cap with segmented wires indicated similar improvements for a moderate increase of the power deposition. Conclusion: We demonstrated that segmenting the EEG wiring into shorter lengths using commercially available nonmagnetic resistors is effective at reducing RF shielding artifacts in simultaneous EEG-fMRI. This prevents the formation of RF-induced standing waves, without substantial specific absorption rate (SAR) penalties, and thereby enables benefiting from the functional sensitivity boosts achievable at ultra-high field.
Magnetic Resonance in Medicine, vol. 88 (3), pp. 1450-1464